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Virus Komputer

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komp virus

Virus komputer merupakan program komputer yang dapat menggandakan atau menyalin dirinya sendiri dan menyebar dengan cara menyisipkan salinan dirinya ke dalam program atau dokumen lain. Virus komputer dapat dianalogikan dengan virus biologis yang menyebar dengan cara menyisipkan dirinya sendiri ke sel makhluk hidup. Virus komputer dapat merusak (misalnya dengan merusak data pada dokumen), membuat pengguna komputer merasa terganggu, maupun tidak menimbulkan efek sama sekali.

Cara kerja

Virus komputer umumnya dapat merusak perangkat lunak komputer dan tidak dapat secara langsung merusak perangkat keras komputer tetapi dapat mengakibatkan kerusakan dengan cara memuat program yang memaksa over process ke perangkat tertentu. Efek negatif virus komputer adalah memperbanyak dirinya sendiri, yang membuat sumber daya pada komputer (seperti penggunaan memori) menjadi berkurang secara signifikan. Hampir 95% virus komputer berbasis sistem operasi Windows. Sisanya menyerang Linux/GNU, MacFreeBSD, OS/2 IBM, dan Sun Operating System. Virus yang ganas akan merusak perangkat keras.

Jenis

Virus komputer adalah sebuah istilah umum untuk menggambarkan segala jenis serangan terhadap komputer. Dikategorikan dari cara kerjanya, virus komputer dapat dikelompokkan ke dalam kategori sebagai berikut:

  • Worm – Menduplikatkan dirinya sendiri pada harddisk. Ini membuat sumber daya komputer (Harddisk) menjadi penuh akan worm itu.
  • Trojan – Mengambil data pada komputer yang telah terinfeksi dan mengirimkannya pada pembuat trojan itu sendiri.
  • Backdoor – Hampir sama dengan trojan. Namun, Backdoor bisanya menyerupai file yang baik-baik saja. Misalnya game.
  • Spyware – Virus yang memantau komputer yang terinfeksi.
  • Rogue – merupakan program yang meniru program antivirus dan menampilkan aktivitas layaknya antivirus normal, dan memberikan peringatan-peringatan palsu tentang adanya virus. Tujuannya adalah agar pengguna membeli dan mengaktivasi program antivirus palsu itu dan mendatangkan uang bagi pembuat virus rogue tersebut. Juga rogue dapat membuka celah keamanan dalam komputer guna mendatangkan virus lain.
  • Rootkit – Virus yang bekerja menyerupai kerja sistem komputer yang biasa saja.
  • Polymorphic virus – Virus yang gemar beubah-ubah agar tidak dapat terdeteksi.
  • Metamorphic virus – Virus yang mengubah pengkodeannya sendiri agar lebih sulit dideteksi.
  • Virus ponsel – Virus yang berjalan di telepon seluler, dan dapat menimbulkan berbagai macam efek, mulai dari merusak telepon seluler, mencuri data-data di dalam telepon seluler, sampai membuat panggilan-panggilan diam-diam dan menghabiskan pulsa pengguna telepon seluler.

Cara mengatasi

Serangan virus dapat dicegah atau ditanggulangi dengan menggunakan Perangkat lunak antivirus. Jenis perangkat lunak ini dapat juga mendeteksi dan menghapus virus komputer. Virus komputer ini dapat dihapus dengan basis data (databaseSignature-based detection), heuristik, atau peringkat dari program itu sendiri (Quantum).

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In the Help window
F1 Open the Help window in Microsoft Powerpoint.
ALT+F4 Close the Help window.
ALT+TAB Switch between the Help window and the active program.
ALT+HOME Go back to PowerPoint Home.
TAB Select the next item in the Microsoft Powerpoint Help window.
Shift+TAB Select the previous item in the Help window.
ENTER Perform the action for the selected item.
TAB, Shift+TAB In the Browse PowerPoint Help section of the Help window, select the next or previous item,

respectively.

ENTER In the Browse PowerPoint Help section of the Help window, expand or collapse the selected item,

respectively.

TAB Select the next hidden text or hyperlink, including Show All or Hide All at the top of a topic.
Shift+TAB Select the previous hidden text or hyperlink.
ENTER Perform the action for the selected Show All, Hide All, hidden text, or hyperlink.
ALT LEFT ARROW or BACKSPACE Move back to the previous Microsoft Powerpoint Help topic (Back button).
ALT+RIGHT ARROW Move forward to the next Help topic (Forward button).
UP ARROW, DOWN ARROW Scroll small amounts up or down, respectively, within the currently displayed Help topic.
PAGE UP, PAGE DOWN Scroll larger amounts up or down, respectively, within the currently displayed Help topic.
Shift+F10 Display a menu of commands for the Help window. This requires that the Help window have the active

focus (click in the Help window).

ESC Stop the last action (Stop button) in the Microsoft Powerpoint help window.
F5 Refresh the window (Refresh button).
CTRL+P Print the current Help topic. Note If the cursor is not in the current Help topic, press F6 and then press

CTRL+P.

F6 (until the focus is in the Type words

to search for box), TAB, DOWN ARROW

Change the connection state. You may need to press F6 more than once.
F6 Type text in the Type words to search for box. You may need to press F6 more than once.
F6 Switch among areas in the Help window; for example, switch between the toolbar, Type words to

search for box, and Search list.

UP ARROW, DOWN ARROW In a Table of Contents in tree view, select the next or previous item, respectively.
LEFT ARROW, RIGHT ARROW In a Table of Contents in tree view, expand or collapse the selected item, respectively.
Display and use windows
ALT+TAB Switch to the next window.
ALT+Shift+TAB Switch to the previous window.
CTRL+W or CTRL+F4 Close the active window.
CTRL+F5 Restore the size of the active window after you maximize it.
F6 Move to a task pane (task pane: A window within an Office program that provides commonly used

commands. Its location and small size allow you to use these commands while still working on your

files.) from another pane in the program window (clockwise direction). You may need to press F6 more

than once. Note If pressing F6 doesn’t display the task pane that you want, press ALT to place focus

on the Ribbon, which is a part of the Microsoft Office Fluent user interface, and then press CTRL+TAB

to m

Shift+F6 Move to a pane from another pane in the program window (counterclockwise direction).
CTRL+F6 When more than one window is open, switch to the next window.
CTRL+Shift+F6 Switch to the previous window.
CTRL+F7 When a document window is not maximized, perform the Move command (on the Control menu for the

window). Use the arrow keys to move the window and when finished, press ESC.

CTRL+F8 When a document window is not maximized, perform the Size command (on the Control menu for the

window). Press the arrow keys to resize the window and when finished, press ESC.

CTRL+F9 Minimize a window to an icon (works for only some Microsoft Office programs).

 

CTRL+F10 Maximize or restore a selected window.
PRINT SCREEN Copy a picture of the screen to the Clipboard.
ALT+PRINT SCREEN Copy a picture of the selected window to the Clipboard.
Change or resize the font
CTRL Shift F Change the font in Microsoft Powerpoint.
CTRL+Shift+P Change the font size.
CTRL Shift > Increase the font size of the selected text in Microsoft Powerpoint.
CTRL+Shift+ Decrease the font size of the selected text.
Move around in text or cells
LEFT ARROW Move one character to the left.
RIGHT ARROW Move one character to the right.
UP ARROW Move one line up.
DOWN ARROW Move one line down.
CTRL LEFT ARROW Move one word to the left in Microsoft Powerpoint.
CTRL+RIGHT ARROW Move one word to the right.
END Move to the end of a line.
HOME Move to the beginning of a line.
CTRL+UP ARROW Move up one paragraph.
CTRL DOWN ARROW Move down one paragraph in Microsoft Powerpoint.
CTRL+END Move to the end of a text box.
CTRL+HOME Move to the beginning of a text box.
CTRL+ENTER In Microsoft Office PowerPoint, move to the next title or body text placeholder. If it is the last

placeholder on a slide, this will insert a new slide with the same slide layout as the original slide.

Shift+F4 Repeat the last Find action.
Find and replace
CTRL F Open the Find dialog box in Microsoft Powerpoint.
CTRL+H Open the Replace dialog box.
CTRL+F4 Repeat the last Find action.
Move around in and work in tables
TAB Move to the next cell.
Shift+TAB Move to the preceding cell.
DOWN ARROW Move to the next row in Microsoft Powerpoint.
UP ARROW Move to the preceding row.
CTRL+TAB Insert a tab in a cell.
ENTER Start a new paragraph.
TAB at the end of the last row Add a new row at the bottom of the table.
Access and use task panes
F6 Move to a Microsoft Powerpoint task pane (task pane: A window within an Office program that

provides commonly used commands. Its location and small size allow you to use these commands

while still working on your files.) from another pane in the program window. (You may need to press F6

more than once.)

TAB, Shift+TAB When a task pane is active, select the next or previous option in the task pane, respectively.
CTRL DOWN ARROW Display the full set of commands on the Microsoft Powerpoint task pane menu.
DOWN ARROW or UP ARROW Move among choices on a selected submenu; move among certain options in a group of options in a

dialog box.

SPACEBAR or ENTER Open the selected menu, or perform the action assigned to the selected button.
Shift+F10 Open a shortcut menu; open a drop-down menu for the selected gallery item.
HOME, END When a Microsoft Powerpoint menu or submenu is visible, select the first or last command,

respectively, on the menu or submenu.

PAGE UP, PAGE DOWN Scroll up or down in the selected gallery list, respectively.

 

HOME, END Move to the top or bottom of the selected gallery list, respectively.
CTRL SPACEBAR, C Close a Microsoft Powerpoint task pane.
ALT+H, F, O Open the Clipboard.
Access and use smart tags
ALT+Shift+F10 Display the menu or message for a smart tag. If more than one smart tag is present, switch to the next

smart tag and display its menu or message.

DOWN ARROW Select the next item on a smart tag menu.
UP ARROW Select the previous item on a smart tag menu.
ENTER Perform the action for the selected item on a smart tag menu.
ESC Close the smart tag menu or message.
Use dialog boxes
TAB Move to the next option or option group.
Shift+TAB Move to the previous option or option group.
CTRL TAB Switch to the next tab in a Microsoft Powerpoint dialog box.
CTRL+Shift+TAB Switch to the previous tab in a dialog box.
ALT+DOWN ARROW Open a selected drop-down list.
First letter of an option in a drop-down

list

Open the list if it is closed and move to an option in the list.
Arrow keys Move between options in an open drop-down list, or between options in a group of options.
ESC Close a selected drop-down list; cancel a command and close a dialog box.
SPACEBAR Perform the action assigned to the selected button; select or clear the selected check box.
ALT the letter underlined in an optn Select an option; select or clear a check box in a Microsoft Powerpoint dialog box.
ENTER Perform the action assigned to a default button in a dialog box.
Use edit boxes within dialog boxes
HOME Move to the beginning of the entry.
END Move to the end of the entry in a Microsoft Powerpoint dialog box.
LEFT ARROW, RIGHT ARROW Move one character to the left or right, respectively.
CTRL+LEFT ARROW Move one word to the left.
CTRL+RIGHT ARROW Move one word to the right.
Shift+LEFT ARROW Select or cancel selection one character to the left.
Shift+RIGHT ARROW Select or cancel selection one character to the right.
CTRL+Shift+LEFT ARROW Select or cancel selection one word to the left.
CTRL+Shift+RIGHT ARROW Select or cancel selection one word to the right.
Shift HOME Select from the cursor to the beginning of the entry in a Microsoft Powerpoint dialog box.
Shift+END Select from the cursor to the end of the entry.
Use the Open and Save As dialog boxes
ALT+1 Go to the previous folder.
ALT+2 Up One Level button: Open the folder up one level above the open folder.
ALT+3 or DELETE Delete button: Delete the selected folder or file.
ALT+4 Create New Folder button: Create a new folder.
ALT+5 Views button: Switch among available folder views.
ALT+L Tools button: Show the Tools menu.
Shift+F10 Display a shortcut menu for a selected item, such as a folder or file.
TAB Move between options or areas in the dialog box.
F4 or ALT+I Open the Look in list.
F5 Refresh the file list.
Change the keyboard focus without using the mouse
ALT or F10 Select the active tab of the Ribbon and activate the access keys (access key: A key combination, such

as ALT+F, that moves the focus to a menu, command, or control, without using the mouse).

 

F10 to select the active tab, and then

LEFT ARROW, RIGHT ARROW

Move left or right to another tab of the Microsoft Powerpoint Ribbon, respectively.
CTRL+F1 Hide or show the Ribbon.
Shift+F10 Display the shortcut menu for the selected command.
F6 Move the focus to select each of the following areas of the window:Active tab of the Ribbon Any open

task panes (task pane: A window within an Office program that provides commonly used commands.

Its location and small size allow you to use these commands while still working on your files.) Your

document

TAB, Shift+TAB Move the focus to each command on the Ribbon, forward or backward respectively.
DOWN ARROW, UP ARROW, LEFT

ARROW, RIGHT ARROW

Move down, up, left, or right among the items on the Microsoft Powerpoint Ribbon, respectively.
SPACE BAR or ENTER Activate the selected command or control on the Ribbon.
SPACE BAR or ENTER Open the selected menu or gallery on the Ribbon.
ENTER Activate a command or control on the Ribbon so you can modify a value.
ENTER Finish modifying a value in a control on the Microsoft Powerpoint Ribbon, and move the focus back to

the document.

F1 Get help on the selected command or control on the Ribbon. (If no Help topic is associated with the

selected command, a general Help topic about the program is shown instead.)

Move between panes
F6 Move clockwise among Microsoft Powerpoint panes in Normal view.
Shift F6 Move counterclockwise among Microsoft Powerpoint panes in Normal view.
CTRL+Shift+TAB Switch between Slides and Outline tabs in the Outline and Slides pane in Normal view.
Work in an outline
ALT+Shift+LEFT ARROW Promote a paragraph.
ALT+Shift+RIGHT ARROW Demote a paragraph.
ALT+Shift+UP ARROW Move selected paragraphs up.
ALT Shift DOWN ARROW Move selected paragraphs down in Microsoft Powerpoint outline.
ALT+Shift+1 Show heading level 1.
ALT+Shift+PLUS SIGN Expand text below a heading.
ALT+Shift+MINUS SIGN Collapse text below a heading.
Show or hide a grid or guides
Shift+F9 Show or hide the grid.
ALT+F9 Show or hide guides.
Select text and objects
Shift+RIGHT ARROW Select one character to the right.
Shift+LEFT ARROW Select one character to the left.
CTRL+Shift+RIGHT ARROW Select to the end of a word.
CTRL+Shift+LEFT ARROW Select to the beginning of a word.
Shift+UP ARROW Select one line up.
Shift DOWN ARROW Select one line down in Microsoft Powerpoint.
ESC Select an object (with text selected inside the object).
TAB or Shift+TAB until the object you

want is selected

Select an object (with an object selected).
ENTER Select text within an object (with an object selected).
CTRL+A (on the Slides tab) Select all objects.
CTRL+A (in Slide Sorter view) Select all slides.
CTRL+A (on the Outline tab) Select all text.
Delete and copy text and objects
BACKSPACE Delete one character to the left.
CTRL+BACKSPACE Delete one word to the left.

 

DELETE Delete one character to the right.
CTRL+DELETE Delete one word to the right.
CTRL X Cut selected object in Microsoft Powerpoint
CTRL+C Copy selected object.
CTRL+V Paste cut or copied object.
CTRL Z Undo the last action in Microsoft Powerpoint.
CTRL+Y Redo the last action.
CTRL+Shift+C Copy formatting only.
CTRL+Shift+V Paste formatting only.
CTRL+ALT+V Paste special.
Move around in text
LEFT ARROW Move one character to the left.
RIGHT ARROW Move one character to the right.
UP ARROW Move one line up in Microsoft Powerpoint.
DOWN ARROW Move one line down.
CTRL+LEFT ARROW Move one word to the left.
CTRL+RIGHT ARROW Move one word to the right.
END Move to the end of a line.
HOME Move to the beginning of a line.
CTRL UP ARROW Move up one paragraph in Microsoft Powerpoint.
CTRL+DOWN ARROW Move down one paragraph.
CTRL+END Move to the end of a text box.
CTRL+HOME Move to the beginning of a text box.
CTRL+ENTER Move to the next title or body text placeholder. If it is the last placeholder on a slide, this will insert a

new slide with the same slide layout as the original slide.

Shift F4 Move to repeat the last Find action in Microsoft Powerpoint.
Move around in and work on tables
TAB Move to the next cell.
Shift+TAB Move to the preceding cell.
DOWN ARROW Move to the next row.
UP ARROW Move to the preceding row in Microsoft Powerpoint tables.
CTRL+TAB Insert a tab in a cell.
ENTER Start a new paragraph.
TAB at the end of the last row Add a new row at the bottom of the table in Microsoft Powerpoint.
Change or resize the font
CTRL+Shift+F Open the Font dialog box to change the font.
CTRL+Shift+P Open the Font dialog box to change the font size.
CTRL+Shift+> Increase the font size.
CTRL+Shift+ Decrease the font size.
Apply character formats
CTRL+T Open the Font dialog box to change the formatting of characters.
Shift+F3 Change the case of letters between sentence, lowercase, or uppercase.
CTRL B Apply bold formatting in Microsoft Powerpoint.
CTRL+U Apply an underline.
CTRL+I Apply italic formatting.
CTRL+EQUAL SIGN Apply subscript formatting (automatic spacing).
CTRL+Shift+PLUS SIGN Apply superscript formatting (automatic spacing).
CTRL+SPACEBAR Remove manual character formatting, such as subscript and superscript.
CTRL+K Insert a hyperlink.

 

Copy text formats
CTRL+Shift+C Copy formats.
CTRL+Shift+V Paste formats.
Align paragraphs
CTRL+E Center a paragraph.
CTRL+J Justify a paragraph.
CTRL+L Left align a paragraph.
CTRL+R Right align a paragraph.
Run a presentation
F5 Start the Microsoft Powerpoint presentation from the beginning.
N, ENTER, PAGE DOWN, RIGHT

ARROW, DOWN ARROW, or SPACEBAR

Perform the next animation or advance to the next slide.
P, PAGE UP, LEFT ARROW, UP ARROW,

or BACKSPACE

Perform the previous animation or return to the previous Microsoft Powerpoint slide.
number+ENTER Go to slide number.
B or PERIOD Display a blank black slide, or return to the presentation from a blank black slide.
W or COMMA Display a blank white slide, or return to the presentation from a blank white slide.
S Stop or restart an automatic presentation.
ESC or HYPHEN End a Microsoft Powerpoint presentation.
E Erase on-screen annotations.
H Go to the next Microsoft Powerpoint slide, if the next slide is hidden.
T Set new timings while rehearsing.
O Use original timings while rehearsing.
M Use a mouse click to advance while rehearsing.
1 ENTER Return to the first Microsoft Powerpoint slide.
CTRL+P Redisplay hidden pointer or change the pointer to a pen.
CTRL+A Redisplay hidden pointer or change the pointer to an arrow.
CTRL+H Hide the pointer and navigation button immediately.
CTRL+U Hide the pointer and navigation button in 15 seconds.
Shift F10 Display the Microsoft Powerpoint shortcut menu.
TAB Go to the first or next hyperlink on a slide.
Shift+TAB Go to the last or previous hyperlink on a slide.
ENTER while a hyperlink is selected Perform the mouse click behavior of the selected hyperlink.
Browse Web presentations
TAB Move forward through the hyperlinks in a Microsoft Powerpoint Web presentation, the Address bar,

and the Links bar.

Shift+TAB Move back through the hyperlinks in a Web presentation, the Address bar, and the Links bar.
ENTER Perform the mouse click behavior of the selected hyperlink.
SPACEBAR Go to the next slide.
BACKSPACE Go to the previous slide.
Use the Selection pane feature
ALT, J, D, A, and then P Launch the Selection pane in Microsoft Powerpoint.
F6 Cycle the focus through the different panes.
Shift+F10 Display the context menu.
UP ARROW or DOWN ARROW Move the focus to a single item or group.
LEFT ARROW Move the focus from an item in a group to its parent group.
RIGHT ARROW Move the focus from a group to the first item in that group.
* (on numeric keypad only) Expand a focused group and all its child groups.
(on numeric keypad only) Expand a focused group in Microsoft Powerpoint.

 

– (on numeric keypad only) Collapse a focused group.
Shift+UP ARROW or Shift+DOWN

ARROW

Move the focus to an item and select it.
SPACEBAR or ENTER Select a focused item.
Shift SPACEBAR or Shift ENTER Cancel selection of a focused item in Microsoft Powerpoint.
CTRL+Shift+F Move a selected item forward.
CTRL+Shift+B Move a selected item backward.
CTRL+Shift+S Show or hide a focused item.
F2 Rename a focused item in Microsoft Powerpoint.
TAB or Shift+TAB Switch the keyboard focus within the Selection pane between tree view and the Show All and Hide All

buttons.

ALT+Shift+1 Collapse all groups.
ALT+Shift+9 Expand all groups.

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Keyboard Shortcut in Microsoft Office

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(Keyboard) Shortcut adalah jalan pintas sebuah perintah. Sama seperti shortcut pada desktop, (keyboard) shortcut memintaskan jalan menuju direktori/perintah yang dalam sekalipun. Misalnya, untuk menyimpan file/workbook, tanpa shortcut kita harus mengklik menu File, kemudian Save. Tapi dengan (keyboard) shortcut, cukup dengan memijit tombol Ctrl+S pada keyboard.

Dengan fasilitas ini, efektifitas dan efisiensi pun dapa diciptakan. Sehingga kita tidak perlu menghabiskan waktu untuk mencari perintah yang diinginkan.

Shortcut-shortcut Ms. Word 2003-2007 tersebut diantaranya :

Anda bisa mencari shortcut yang anda inginkan dengan menekan Ctrl+F (find) pada keyboard. (Gunakan bahasa inggris)

Command Name Modifiers Key
All Caps Ctrl+Shift+ A
Annotation Alt+Ctrl+ M
App Maximize Alt+ F10
App Restore Alt+ F5
Apply Heading1 Alt+Ctrl+ 1
Apply Heading2 Alt+Ctrl+ 2
Apply Heading3 Alt+Ctrl+ 3
Apply List Bullet Ctrl+Shift+ L
Auto Format Alt+Ctrl+ K
Auto Text F3
Auto Text Alt+Ctrl+ V
Bold Ctrl+ B
Bold Ctrl+Shift+ B
Bookmark Ctrl+Shift+ F5
Browse Next Ctrl+ Page Down
Browse Prev Ctrl+ Page Up
Browse Sel Alt+Ctrl+ Home
Cancel Esc
Center Para Ctrl+ E
Change Case Shift+ F3
Char Left Left
Char Left Extend Shift+ Left
Char Right Right
Char Right Extend Shift+ Right
Clear Del
Close or Exit Alt+ F4
Close Pane Alt+Shift+ C
Column Break Ctrl+Shift+ Return
Column Select Ctrl+Shift+ F8
Compare Versions
Copy Ctrl+ C
Copy Ctrl+ Insert
Copy Format Ctrl+Shift+ C
Copy Text Shift+ F2
Create Auto Text Alt+ F3
Customize Add Menu Shortcut Alt+Ctrl+ =
Customize Keyboard Shortcut Alt+Ctrl+ Num +
Customize Remove Menu Shortcut Alt+Ctrl+
Cut Ctrl+ X
Cut Shift+ Del
Date Field Alt+Shift+ D
Delete Back Word Ctrl+ Backspace
Delete Word Ctrl+ Del
Dictionary Alt+Shift+ F7
Do Field Click Alt+Shift+ F9
Doc Close Ctrl+ W
Doc Close Ctrl+ F4
Doc Maximize Ctrl+ F10
Doc Move Ctrl+ F7
Doc Restore Ctrl+ F5
Doc Size Ctrl+ F8
Doc Split Alt+Ctrl+ S
Double Underline Ctrl+Shift+ D
End of Column Alt+ Page Down
End of Column Alt+Shift+ Page Down
End of Doc Extend Ctrl+Shift+ End
End of Document Ctrl+ End
End of Line End
End of Line Extend Shift+ End
End of Row Alt+ End
End of Row Alt+Shift+ End
End of Window Alt+Ctrl+ Page Down
End of Window Extend Alt+Ctrl+Shift+ Page Down
Endnote Now Alt+Ctrl+ D
Extend Selection F8
Field Chars Ctrl+ F9
Field Codes Alt+ F9
Find Ctrl+ F
Font Ctrl+ D
Font Ctrl+Shift+ F
Font Size Select Ctrl+Shift+ P
Footnote Now Alt+Ctrl+ F
Go Back Shift+ F5
Go Back Alt+Ctrl+ Z
Go To Ctrl+ G
Go To F5
Grow Font Ctrl+Shift+ .
Grow Font One Point Ctrl+ ]
Hanging Indent Ctrl+ T
Header Footer Link Alt+Shift+ R
Help F1
Hidden Ctrl+Shift+ H
Hyperlink Ctrl+ K
Indent Ctrl+ M
Italic Ctrl+ I
Italic Ctrl+Shift+ I
Justify Para Ctrl+ J
Left Para Ctrl+ L
Line Down Down
Line Down Extend Shift+ Down
Line Up Up
Line Up Extend Shift+ Up
List Num Field Alt+Ctrl+ L
Lock Fields Ctrl+ 3
Lock Fields Ctrl+ F11
Macro Alt+ F8
Mail Merge Check Alt+Shift+ K
Mail Merge Edit Data Source Alt+Shift+ E
Mail Merge to Doc Alt+Shift+ N
Mail Merge to Printer Alt+Shift+ M
Mark Citation Alt+Shift+ I
Mark Index Entry Alt+Shift+ X
Mark Table of Contents Entry Alt+Shift+ O
Menu Mode F10
Merge Field Alt+Shift+ F
Microsoft Script Editor Alt+Shift+ F11
Microsoft System Info Alt+Ctrl+ F1
Move Text F2
New Ctrl+ N
Next Field F11
Next Field Alt+ F1
Next Misspelling Alt+ F7
Next Object Alt+ Down
Next Window Ctrl+ F6
Next Window Alt+ F6
Normal Alt+Ctrl+ N
Normal Style Ctrl+Shift+ N
Normal Style Alt+Shift+ Clear (Num 5)
Open Ctrl+ O
Open Ctrl+ F12
Open Alt+Ctrl+ F2
Open or Close Up Para Ctrl+ 0
Other Pane F6
Other Pane Shift+ F6
Outline Alt+Ctrl+ O
Outline Collapse Alt+Shift+
Outline Collapse Alt+Shift+ Num –
Outline Demote Alt+Shift+ Right
Outline Expand Alt+Shift+ =
Outline Expand Alt+Shift+ Num +
Outline Move Down Alt+Shift+ Down
Outline Move Up Alt+Shift+ Up
Outline Promote Alt+Shift+ Left
Outline Show First Line Alt+Shift+ L
Overtype Insert
Page Alt+Ctrl+ P
Page Break Ctrl+ Return
Page Down Page Down
Page Down Extend Shift+ Page Down
Page Field Alt+Shift+ P
Page Up Page Up
Page Up Extend Shift+ Page Up
Para Down Ctrl+ Down
Para Down Extend Ctrl+Shift+ Down
Para Up Ctrl+ Up
Para Up Extend Ctrl+Shift+ Up
Paste Ctrl+ V
Paste Shift+ Insert
Paste Format Ctrl+Shift+ V
Prev Field Shift+ F11
Prev Field Alt+Shift+ F1
Prev Object Alt+ Up
Prev Window Ctrl+Shift+ F6
Prev Window Alt+Shift+ F6
Print Ctrl+ P
Print Ctrl+Shift+ F12
Print Preview Ctrl+ F2
Print Preview Alt+Ctrl+ I
Proofing F7
Redo Alt+Shift+ Backspace
Redo or Repeat Ctrl+ Y
Redo or Repeat F4
Redo or Repeat Alt+ Return
Repeat Find Shift+ F4
Repeat Find Alt+Ctrl+ Y
Replace Ctrl+ H
Reset Char Ctrl+ Space
Reset Char Ctrl+Shift+ Z
Reset Para Ctrl+ Q
Revision Marks Toggle Ctrl+Shift+ E
Right Para Ctrl+ R
Save Ctrl+ S
Save Shift+ F12
Save Alt+Shift+ F2
Save As F12
Select All Ctrl+ A
Select All Ctrl+ Clear (Num 5)
Select All Ctrl+ Num 5
Select Table Alt+ Clear (Num 5)
Show All Ctrl+Shift+ 8
Show All Headings Alt+Shift+ A
Show All Headings Alt+Shift+ A
Show Heading1 Alt+Shift+ 1
Show Heading2 Alt+Shift+ 2
Show Heading3 Alt+Shift+ 3
Show Heading4 Alt+Shift+ 4
Show Heading5 Alt+Shift+ 5
Show Heading6 Alt+Shift+ 6
Show Heading7 Alt+Shift+ 7
Show Heading8 Alt+Shift+ 8
Show Heading9 Alt+Shift+ 9
Shrink Font Ctrl+Shift+ ,
Shrink Font One Point Ctrl+ [
Shrink Selection Shift+ F8
Small Caps Ctrl+Shift+ K
Space Para1 Ctrl+ 1
Space Para15 Ctrl+ 5
Space Para2 Ctrl+ 2
Spike Ctrl+Shift+ F3
Spike Ctrl+ F3
Start of Column Alt+ Page Up
Start of Column Alt+Shift+ Page Up
Start of Doc Extend Ctrl+Shift+ Home
Start of Document Ctrl+ Home
Start of Line Home
Start of Line Extend Shift+ Home
Start of Row Alt+ Home
Start of Row Alt+Shift+ Home
Start of Window Alt+Ctrl+ Page Up
Start of Window Extend Alt+Ctrl+Shift+ Page Up
Style Ctrl+Shift+ S
Subscript Ctrl+ =
Superscript Ctrl+Shift+ =
Symbol Font Ctrl+Shift+ Q
Thesaurus Shift+ F7
Time Field Alt+Shift+ T
Toggle Field Display Shift+ F9
Toggle Master Subdocs Ctrl+ \
Tool Shift+ F1
Un Hang Ctrl+Shift+ T
Un Indent Ctrl+Shift+ M
Underline Ctrl+ U
Underline Ctrl+Shift+ U
Undo Ctrl+ Z
Undo Alt+ Backspace
Unlink Fields Ctrl+ 6
Unlink Fields Ctrl+Shift+ F9
Unlock Fields Ctrl+ 4
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HAKI (Hak Kekayaan Intelektual)

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Kekayaan Intelektual atau Hak Kekayaan Intelektual (HKI) atau Hak Milik Intelektual adalah padanan kata yang biasa digunakan untuk Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) atau
Geistiges Eigentum , dalam bahasa Jermannya.
Istilah atau terminologi Hak Kekayaan
Intelektual (HKI) digunakan untuk pertama kalinya pada tahun 1790. Adalah Fichte yang pada tahun 1793 mengatakan tentang hak milik
dari si pencipta ada pada bukunya. Yang
dimaksud dengan hak milik disini bukan buku sebagai benda, tetapi buku dalam pengertian isinya.
Istilah HKI terdiri dari tiga kata kunci,
yaitu Hak, Kekayaan, dan Intelektual. Kekayaan merupakan abstraksi yang dapat dimiliki, dialihkan, dibeli, maupun dijual.

Source: wikipedia

Visi dan Misi SMP Al Muttaqin

VISI
Unggul Dan Terdepan Dalam Prestasi Berlandaskan Iman Dan Taqwa

Indikator :
1. Terwujudnya pendidikan yang adil dan merata
2. Terwujudnya pendidikan yang bermutu , serta menghasilkan lulusan yang saleh
3. Terwujudnya prestasi akademik dan non akademik

MISI
1. Melaksnakan pendidikan yang adil dan merata
2. Melaksanakan pendidikan yang bermutu, serta menghasilkan lulusan yang saleh
3. Melaksanakan pemebelajaran yang efektif bagi semua siswa.
4. Menumbuhkan semanagat berprestasi warga sekolah dalam berkaryaW

Sejarah Berdirinya SMP Al Muttaqin

Ini adalah Sejarah berdirinya Sekolah di mana aku mencari ilmu. Ayo kita lihat bagaimana sejarahnya! ^_^

Berdirinya SMP Al Muttaqin Tasikmalaya, merupakan refleksi dari komitmen yayasan Al-Muttaqin terhadap salah satu misinya, yaitu ikut serta menyediakan sumber daya manusia yang berkualitas melalui penyelenggaraan satuan pendidikan pada jalur sekolah sejak pendidikan pra sekolah hingga pendidikan tinggi, serta pendidikan jalur luar sekolah seperti majlis ta’lim, pondok pesantren dan kursus kursus (Anggaran dasar pasal 3).
Sejak yayasan ini didirikan pada tanggal 14 Agustus 1988 dengan Akta Notaris Suryana.SH.No 19, telah didirikan Roudlotul Athfal 1989, TKA, TPA, TQA pada tahun 1990, Play Group pada tahun 1999, Sekolah Dasar pada tahun 1996, perkembangan lembaga-lembaga ini menunjukan kemajuan yang positif, hal ini terlihat dari indikator respon masyarakat, jumlah pelamar calon siswa baru, prestasi yang diraih oleh para siswa, serta hasil akreditasi oleh Dinas Pendidikan Kota Tasikmalaya.
Meskipun belum memuaskan, keberhasilan penyelenggaraan pendidikan yang telah diraih patut disyukuri sambil terus berusaha meningkatkannya. Disamping itu, keberhasilan ini menambah energi kepercayaan diri untuk terus mendirikan sekolah pada jenjang selanjutnya. Maka, melalui surat keputusan yayasan nomor 07/A/AMT/II/1999 tanggal 15 Januari 1999 ditetapkan bahwa yayasan akan mendirikan sekolah SMP mulai tahun pelajaran 2000/2001. Dalam surat keputusan ini dinyatakan bahwa SMP yang akan didirikan haruslah memiliki keunggulan dalam prestasi akademik, ahlaqul karimah, dan penguasaan bahasa asing (Arab dan Inggris). Berdasarkan surat keputusan yayasan tersebut, panitia pendirian menyiapkan proposal pendirian mengenai desain SMP yang akan didirikan terutama menyangkut tujuan, visi, misi, target, strategi, dan model pembelajaran dan manajemenya.
Setelah melewati serangkaian pembahasan proposal bersama LPI dan pengurus yayasan diantaranya dilaksanakan pada tanggal 24 Februari dan 27 Februari 2003, akhirnya isi proposal disetujui pihak yayasan. Setelah tahap persiapan dianggap mencukupi terutama yang berkait dengan penyediaan/pembuatan perangkat keras dan lunak, maka yayasan mengusulkan permohonan pendirian SMP Al-Muttaqin kepada kepala kantor wilayah departemen pendidikan dan kebudayaan Jawa Barat. Melalui surat nomor 3390/102.1/kep/OT/1999 tertanggal 1 Oktober 1999, kanwil depdikbud jawa barat memberikan izin penyelenggaraan terhitung mulai 1 Agustus 2000.
Atas dasar surat izin operasional terssebut, kemudian dilakukan upacara peresmian pembukaan sekolah pada tanggal 26 Juni 2000 acara ini dihadiri oleh kepala kantor depdikbud kabupaten Tasikmalaya, wakil bupati tasikmalaya, ketua umum yayasan Al-Muttaqin, Orang Tua Murid, Pengawas kecamatan, Guru dan Karyawan serta Siswa-Siswi angkatan pertama smp Al-Muttaqin. Sekolah ini bernama sekolah menengah pertama Al-Muttaqin, disingkat SMP Al-Muttaqin. Kata Al-Muttaqin dibelakang SMP menunjukan nama yayasan penyelenggaranya. Penyelenggara yayasan ini menggunakan sistem fullday schooll, yakni kegiatan pembelajaran dilakukan sepanjang hari dari pukul 07.30 hingga pukul 15.30.

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